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Reproductives which are darker in colour have functional eyes and robust skin. This caste becomes the leaders of prospective colonies.
The temperature, food quality, and activity of the colony will determine how long it takes for a termite to grow from egg to mature.
Nests and tunnels are kept moist because employee termites cannot stand low humidity for long periods of time. The temperature within the nursery of a nest ranges between 10 C and 35 C but changes more than one level every day. The relative humidity is approximately 100 per cent.
It's important to identify the type of infestation prior to beginning treatment. This will allow you to understand the customs of the colony, find the nest and indicate the most appropriate method of control.
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Termite species are best identified by their soldier termites, which gets the most prominent features.
These termites are widely dispersed throughout Victoria, and are responsible for more than 80 per cent of irreparable harm to buildings.
Coptotermes construct nests in trees (preferring eucalypts), stumps, under concrete flooring, in wall cavities or enclosed verandahs.
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These termites travel at least 50 metres from the colony using a series of underground tunnels to find food. Coptotermes acinaciformis send large numbers to new food sources and, thus, respond strongly to lure. In contrast, Coptotermes frenchi explore for new food sources and feed lightly at numerous points.
Nasutitermes exitiosus is common north of the Great Dividing Range. They construct dim, thin-walled mound nests between 30 cm and 75 cm above ground. These mounds are up to 1m in diameter.
This is Victorias largest species of termite, sometimes called termite. They are usually found nesting in massive parts of timber (especially older trees) and are most common in wet, mountainous locations. They may also be found in the foothills of Melbourne.
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Porotermes tend to live in colonies than other species, and do not construct shelter tubes or travel much underground. They're more readily controlled than other species.
A mature colony of Schedorhinotermes will have two distinct sizes of soldiers, called major and minor soldiers. Major soldiers grow around 5.6 mm long, while minor soldiers are only 3.6 mm long. Both types of soldier have mandibles.
Schedorhinotermes are harmful and relatively nomadic, rather than maintaining a fixed, central nest.
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Heterotermes are distributed throughout Australia. But , they are only a significant insect species in the Northern Territory.
The soldiers of the species are up to 4.75 mm long, with lengthy, dark jaws and parallel-sided heads.
Heterotermes live in small colonies that attack fence posts, timber flooring, and paling fences within a radius of the nest. They are commonly found because they feed on small timbers on the ground surface.
Dusts work to control termites because they ingest and distribute the insecticide among the colony during habitual grooming.
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Insect growth-regulator dusts (like Triflumuron) and non-repellent termiticides are the safest methods of termite dust control to the human consumer.
Arsenic trioxide dust has been used since the 1930s to control termites, often with the addition of ferric oxide or another colourant. But, arsenic trioxide is a poisonous, highly toxic elemental pesticide sites that does not degrade.
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Baiting is most often the best way to kill an attacking colony when the main nest company website site cannot be found. Bait stations also allow you to collect samples of termites for species identification.
Bait stations consist of containers of cellulose materials like wood, paper or cellulose gel that are either buried in the ground near the building under attack or carefully placed inside near known damage.
Bait generally use slow-acting, non-detectable toxins so that the nearly whole colony can be poisoned before adverse impacts appear. Repellent termiticide formulations like those of pyrethroids are not as colony control agents. Care her latest blog must be taken not to cross contaminate baits using even tiny residues of different pesticides.
Baiting does not provide a practical barrier. The baits do not isolate the building since termites are still able to access the construction. For long-term structural protection, barriers are preferred.
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Chemical barriers function by applying an unbroken boundary of pesticide around the outside of an infested structure. This makes a zone or band of soil that the termites cannot cross. Creating an effective chemical barrier could involve trenching around the foundations of this structure, and injecting the chemical into the ground through holes drilled in concrete foundations.